As it is well known, the basic human need are food, water and air, what is for sure is that as long as there’s life on this planet, waste will be produced. In Lebanon, the typical waste treatment is land filling, which in the recent time has caused a crisis in Beirut and other the cities, due to the lack of space in landfills, and a refusal of any alternative solution. In addition, waste management issue, people suffers from the lack of electricity production by authorities, where people barely have electricity through-out half of the day. The main purpose of this project is not only finding a solution to this ongoing crisis but also turning this curse into a blessing and a beneficial turning point.
ARCHITECTURAL INTERVENTION 1 – Dump Transformation The Naameh landfill project was launched in 1997 after the closure of a landfill at the Normandy seafront in Beirut two years earlier. The Naameh landfill was set to operate for six years. After six years, a new landfill was to be established somewhere else. It’s a land of 290,000 sqm contains 15 million tons of garbage. The whole project is based upon finding a solution for waste management and also benefiting from the landfilling through transforming methane gas produced from organic waste into electricity, which by its turn can impower the Science Park Project over the trash. A Science Park whose main aim is to increase the wealth of its community by promoting the culture of innovation where to be discussed in detail in future project. Achieving such idea in its maximum yields and benefits requires having more landfilling lands for more electricity production. Thus, thinking of special structure (Pilotis) that lifts the hall project above ground level, where platforms could hold different types of buildings in the future. These buildings should be treated specifically to isolate toxic gas from entering into interior spaces as if built in space.
ARCHITECTURAL INTERVENTION 2 – Trash Filter The idea success requires separation of organic waste that produces methane gas from other trash obstacles. Thus, an MRF sorting plant should be implemented. The architectural intervention is based on transforming the horizontal trash segregation process into a vertical one, playing the role of a TRASH FILTER on the mountain cliff. By such building, the benefit of trash is maximized, where organic waste will go all the way down to the landfill, while other recyclables will go up outside the project. Trash downward movement is based on conveyors that transport leftovers from level to level, while recyclables from each level is transported through special outdoor revolving lifts upwards to the outside. Trash segregation process passes through OPPOSITE VERTICAL SLABS where each level holds specific separator mechanism (relate to the diagram and section).